Early signs of heart disease

 What are the early signs of heart disease?|Symptoms of heart disease| What heart disease feels like? Early signs of heart disease|હાર્ટ એટેક આવવાનો હોય એ પહેલાં ના સંકેતો | હૃદય રોગના લક્ષણો | હૃદય રોગના હુમલાથી કેવી રીતે બચી શકાય | હાર્ટ એટેક પહેલા ના લક્ષણો

What Is a Heart Attack?

Each year, approximately 1.2 million Americans suffer a heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction. It is a medical emergency that occurs when a part of the heart muscle does not get enough blood. This usually happens when fatty deposits build up over time and form plaque in the heart's arteries, blocking the blood flow. The blockage also limits the oxygen and nutrients that go to your heart.

Heart attacks are sometimes thought to be a man’s problem. But the truth is, more women in the United States die of heart disease each year than men. In general, over 80,000 people die every year from a heart attack and on average, 50% of these patients displayed, but ignored, the warning signs.

Chest discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes – or it may go away and then return. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain.

Discomfort in other areas of the upper body. Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.

Shortness of breath. This can occur with or without chest discomfort.

Other signs. Other possible signs include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.

Feeling sick

Obviously not every bout of nausea equals a heart attack – but if you’re getting pain as well, alarm bells should ring. Professor Newby says: “If you experience intense chest pain even when you are just sitting around doing nothing and you are also feeling sick, that is the time to call for an ambulance.”  

If you’re getting some discomfort, but not intense pain, as well as feeling sick, call NHS 111 for advice.

Stomach pain or indigestion

An indigestion-type pain or a burning sensation in your chest or stomach can be a sign of a heart attack or related heart problem. Professor Newby says: “Because the heart, the gullet [the passage between your mouth and stomach] and the stomach are all lying right next to each other, the challenge, for both members of the public and doctors, is that a burning or indigestion-type pain and heart pain can be difficult to disentangle. You could call NHS 111 for advice – they have certain algorithms they apply, but they aren’t perfect as there are no hard and fast rules that apply to everyone.”

Irregular heartbeat

Professor Newby says: “This is a hot topic at the moment, there’s a lot of focus on diagnosing irregular heartbeat. I did an audit of the heart monitors we give out to people for investigation and from about 700 people, we found only about 20 that had  [which can increase your risk of stoke. The vast majority of people just had extra ectopic beats, which are usually harmless.

What Are the Risk Factors of a Heart Attack?

Some of the things or conditions that may increase your risk for myocardial infarction may include the following:

  • Diabetes

  • Excessive alcohol consumption

  • Family history of heart disease

  • High blood cholesterol

  • High blood pressure

  • Obesity and being overweight

  • Old age

  • Physical inactivity

  • Smoking

  • Too much stress

  • Unhealthy diet

How to Prevent a Heart Attack

Aside from working closely with your EHAC doctor and watching out for early warning signs of a heart attack, making some lifestyle changes can also help prevent a heart attack from happening. These lifestyle changes may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Being physically active
  • Eating and drinking healthy
  • Limiting alcohol intake or not drinking at all
  • Losing weight or maintaining a healthy weight
  • Lowering high blood pressure (if necessary)
  • Maintaining healthy cholesterol levels
  • Quitting smoking
  • Reducing and managing stress
  • Treating or managing conditions that can be a risk factors of heart attack such as diabetes